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苦苣苔科中国新分类群
发布日期:2017-01-02    来源:来源    作者:作者   点击次数:1244
导读:自2017-01-02 GCCC (Wen Fang)

2016年GCCC发表的新分类群和中国新增加的新分类群

The new taxa of Gesneriaceae in China(2016) & new taxa being reported by GCCC

GCCC (Jan. 2nd, 2017)

 

       2017年已经来到,在这里,预祝GCCC的各位粉们,在新的一年中,百尺竿头,更进一步!回首过去这一年,我国的苦苣苔科植物,又新添加了多少位成员呢?又有多少位改头换面,更换门庭呢?还有谁,拓展了分布地?在这即将向过去的一年say Goodbye的时候,我们来做一个小小的归纳吧!

       2016 is now over. Days are fleet, in aninstant we greeted a new year. Here, we wish every fan of GCCC, make stillfurther progress in the New Year! Today when we look back at past one year, howmany newcomers of Gesneriaceae were reported in the last year? How many speciesdo move from the old genera? And, how many species do extent their distributedareas? So we are going to deal with induction here.

(A)  201611日至20161231日,可查证到具体文献的,总共有分布于中国的17个新种得以合格发表,它们是(福利:部分图示参差出现喔):

Totally, new seventeen taxaof Gesneriaceae in China were formally reported and published from Jan. 1st to Dec. 31st, 2016. Every species can be checked the original paperup. They are as follows (Note: Some new species have beautiful figures):

1)   报春苣苔属Primulina Hance 10个:

Ten new species of Primulina (10)

a.      马氏报春苣苔(马氏小花苣苔)

Primulina maciejewskii F. Wen, R.L. Zhang & A.Q. Dong;

b.      红花报春苣苔

Primulina rubella L.H. Yang & M. Kang

c.      英德报春苣苔

Primulina yingdeensis Z.L. Ning, M. Kang & X. Y. Zhuang

d.      巨叶报春苣苔

Primulina gigantea F. Wen, B. Pan & W.H. Luo

e.      心柱报春苣苔

Primulina cordistigma F.Wen, B.D.Lai & B.M.Wang

f.       黑丝报春苣苔

Primulina melanofilamenta Ying Liu & F. Wen

g.      多色报春苣苔

Primulinaversicolor F. Wen, B. Pan & B.M. Wang

h.      淡黄报春苣苔

Primulina alutacea F. Wen, B. Pan & B.M. Wang

i.        遂川报春苣苔

Primulina suichuanensis X.L. Yu & J.J. Zhou

j.        线萼报春苣苔

Primulina linearicalyx F. Wen, B.D. Lai & Y.G. Wei


巨叶报春苣苔

Figs. 1 Primulina gigantea F. Wen, B. Pan & W.H. Luo

 
 

心柱报春苣苔

Figs. 2 Primulina cordistigma F.Wen, B.D.Lai & B.M.Wang

 

黑丝报春苣苔

Figs. 3 Primulina melanofilamenta Ying Liu & F. Wen

 

 2)   马铃苣苔属Oreocharis Benth. 2个:

Two new species of Oreocharis (2)

a.      曲管马铃苣苔(或弯管马铃苣苔暂拟)

Oreocharis curvituba J.J. Wei & W.B. Xu

b.      宁蒗马铃苣苔

Oreocharis ninglangensis W.H. Chen & Y.M. Shui


曲管马铃苣苔(或弯管马铃苣苔)(引自Wei et al. 2016

Figs. 4 Oreocharis curvituba J.J. Wei & W.B. Xu (Cited from Wei et al. 2016)

 
宁蒗马铃苣苔(引自Chen et al. 2016

Figs. 5 Oreocharis ninglangensis W.H. Chen &Y.M. Shui (Cited from Chen et al.2016)

 

3蛛毛苣苔属Paraboea (Clarke) Ridley 2

Twonew species of Paraboea (2)

a.      云浮蛛毛苣苔

Paraboea yunfuensis F. Wen & Y.G. Wei

b.      粗丝蛛毛苣苔(暂拟)

c.      Paraboea crassifila W.B. Xu & J. Guo


 粗丝蛛毛苣苔(引自Guo et al., 2016

Figs. 6 Paraboea crassifila W.B. Xu & J. Guo (Cited from Guo et al., 2016)

 

4石山苣苔属Petrocodon Hance 1个:

Onenew species of Petrocodon (1)

折瓣石山苣苔(或反瓣石山苣苔,暂拟)

Petrocodon retroflexus Q. Zhang & J. Guo

 

5横蒴苣苔属Beccarinda Kuntze 1个:

Onenew species of Beccarinda (1)

保连横蒴苣苔Beccarinda baolianis Q.W.Lin

 

6长蒴苣苔属Didymocarpus Wall. 1个:

Onenew species of Didymocarpus (1)

安宁长蒴苣苔

Didymocarpus anningensis Y.M. Shui, Lei Cai & J. Cai


安宁长蒴苣苔(引自Cai et al., 2016

Figs. 7 Didymocarpus anningensis Y.M. Shui, Lei Cai & J. Cai (Citedfrom Cai et al., 2016)

 

其中,GCCC成员发表、或参与了发表的有马氏报春苣苔(马氏小花苣苔)Primulina maciejewskii,英德报春苣苔P. yingdeensis,巨叶报春苣苔P. gigantea,心柱报春苣苔P. cordistigma,黑丝报春苣苔P. melanofilamenta,多色报春苣苔P. versicolor,淡黄报春苣苔P. alutacea,线萼报春苣苔P. linearicalyx,云浮蛛毛苣苔Paraboea yunfuensis 9个,占一半还多!

Among them, members of GCCC primarily published (First author and corresponding author) nine species, namely Primulina maciejewskiiP. yingdeensisP. giganteaP. cordistigmaP. melanofilamentaP. versicolorP. alutaceaP. linearicalyxParaboea yunfuensis—more than half itsannual total new published ones.

 

(B)   一大帮小伙伴拓展了它们的分布范围,共计5个,它们是:

Some species extendtheir distributed areas, they are as follows:

1半蒴苣苔属Hemiboea Clarke

①纤细半蒴苣苔Hemiboea gracilis Franch.

越南分布新纪录/New record for Flora ofVietnam

 

②单座苣苔Hemiboea ovalifolia(W.T. Wang) A. Weber & Mich. M?ller

越南分布新纪录/New record for Flora ofVietnam

 

2)紫花苣苔属(新拟名为斜柱苣苔属)Loxostigma Clarke

光叶紫花苣苔Loxostigma glabrifolium D. Fang & K.Y. Pan

越南分布新纪录/New record for Flora ofVietnam

 

 

3)吊石苣苔属Lysionotus D. Don

异叶吊石苣苔Lysionotus heterophyllus Franch.

贵州分布新纪录/New record for Flora of Guizhou Province (China)

 

4)报春苣苔属Primulina Hance

羽裂报春苣苔Primulina pinnatifida(Hand.-Mazz.) Y. Z. Wang

重庆分布新纪录/New record for Flora of Chongqing City (China)

 

其中,GCCC成员发现并发表的新纪录有3个(国际&国家级分布新纪录),占60%。

Thereinto, members of GCCC discovered and published three new records (International records), with accounting for 60 percent of total.

(C)  跨国合作与国际苦苣苔科植物新发现

International cooperation and assistance for new discovers of Gesneriaceae

GCCC成员在之前的越南考察中发现了一个奇特的短筒苣苔属Boeica Clarke新种,并于今年正式合格发表:雀首状短筒苣苔Boeica ornithocephalantha F. Wen, T.V. Do & Y.G. Wei

Member of GCCC (Dr. WenFang, Dr. Hong Xin, Mr. Stephen Maciejewski and others) discovered an unknown Boeica special in 2013. Lately, theywere sure it is a new species to science, and officially reported and published in 2016, namely Boeica ornithocephalantha F. Wen, T.V. Do & Y.G. Wei.

 

(D)  物种的系统位置变更和修订

The systematic places changes andrevisions of some species of Chinese Gesneriaceae

在过去的一年中,报春苣苔属有一个之前发表的变种,莲座状河池报春苣苔Primulina hochiensis (C.C.Huang & X.X.Chen) Mich.M?ller & .Weber var. rosulata F.Wen & Y.G.Wei,提升为种的等级,新名字为:莲座状报春苣苔P. rosulata (F. Wen & Y.G. Wei) Z.L. Ning & X.Y. Zhuang。

A formerly publishedvariety, Primulina hochiensis(C.C.Huang & X.X.Chen) Mich.M?ller & .Weber var. rosulata F.Wen & Y.G.Wei, was promoted as a higher grade. Nowit became a species, P. rosulata (F.Wen & Y.G. Wei) Z.L. Ning & X.Y. Zhuang.

 

而原本放在报春苣苔属中的多痕报春苣苔Primulina minutihamata (D. Wood) Mich. M?ller & A. Weber和弯果报春苣苔P. cyrtocarpa (D. Fang & L. Zeng) Mich. M?ller & A. Weber被重新命名,并更换了一个新属,也是中国的新纪录属,奇柱苣苔属Deinostigma W.T. Wang & Z.Y. Li,更名为多痕奇柱苣苔D. cicatricose (W.T.Wang) D.J. Middleton & Mich. M?ller和弯果奇柱苣苔D. cyrtocarpa (D. Fang & L. Zeng) Mich. M?ller & H.J. Atkins (2014)。

TwoChinese species, Primulina minutihamata (D. Wood) Mich. M?ller & A. Weber and P. cyrtocarpa (D. Fang & L. Zeng) Mich. M?ller & A. Weber, wererenamed again, and transferred their places from Primulina to another genus, Deinostigma W.T. Wang & Z.Y. Li. The new names are D. cicatricose (W.T. Wang) D.J. Middleton & Mich. M?ller and D. cyrtocarpa (D. Fang & L. Zeng) Mich. M?ller & H.J. Atkins, respectively. This genus is a new record one in China.

 
多痕奇柱苣苔和弯果奇柱苣苔(引自M?ller et al., 2016

Figs. 8 Deinostigma cicatricose (W.T.Wang) D.J.Middleton & Mich.M?llerand D. cyrtocarpa (D.Fang& L.Zeng) Mich.M?ller & H.J.Atkins (Cited from M?ller et al., 2016)

  

此外,被认为原产我国的旋蒴苣苔属Boea Comm. ex Lam.的三个种,旋蒴苣苔B. hygrometrica (Bunge) R. Br.、地胆旋蒴苣苔B. philippensis Clarke和大花旋蒴苣苔B. clarkeana Hemsl.被分别并入两个不同的属:前两者被认为是羚角苣苔属Dorcoceras Bunge的成员,羚角苣苔D. hygrometrica Bunge和地胆羚角苣苔D. philippinense Schltr.,而后者则并入丹氏苣苔属Damrongia Kerr,并成为这个属在中国的新纪录,即大花丹氏苣苔D. clarkeana (Hemsl.) C. Puglisi。

Besides,three species of Boea Comm. ex Lam., B. hygrometrica (Bunge) R. Br., B. philippensis Clarke and B. clarkeana Hemsl., were merged into two different genera. The former two became members of Dorcoceras Bunge (D. hygrometrica Bunge and D. philippinense Schltr.), the last one became a member of Damrongia Kerr., namely D. clarkeana (Hemsl.) C. Puglisi.

 

另外顺便提一句还有,所有国产具有莲座状的原粗筒苣苔属Briggsia Craib 植物,全部并入马铃苣苔属,而具有地上茎部分的,则并入紫花苣苔属Loxostigma Clarke(紫花苣苔属植物基本没有紫色的花,其属名特征就是柱头外斜,因此新拟为斜柱苣苔属)。但有两个例外,原革叶粗筒苣苔Briggsia mihieri (Franch.) Craib和盾叶粗筒苣苔B. longipes (Hemsl. ex Oliv.) Craib被新成立一个新属——光叶苣苔属Glabrella Mich.M?ller & W.H.Chen,而这个新属在2015年添加了第三个成员——具有亮黄色花的无毛光叶苣苔G. leiophylla (Fang Wen & Y.G.Wei) Fang Wen, Y.G. Wei & Mich. M?ller!

Bythe way, all species of former Briggsia Craibin China having rosulate shape plants were merged into Oreocharis, the rest having long or short aboveground stems weremerged into Loxostigma, but with twoimportant exceptions. Two former members of BriggsiaB. mihieri (Franch.) Craib and B. longipes (Hemsl. ex Oliv.) Craib, formed a new genus, Glabrella Mich.M?ller & W.H.Chen. A new member of Glabrella (G. leiophylla (Fang Wen &Y.G.Wei) Fang Wen, Y.G. Wei & Mich. M?ller) was formally published in 2015.

 
盾叶光叶苣苔

Figs. 9 Glabrella longipes (Hemsl. ex Oliv.) Mich.M?ller & W.H.Chen


10 无毛光叶苣苔

Figs. 10 Glabrella leiophylla (Fang Wen &Y.G.Wei) Fang Wen, Y.G. Wei & Mich. M?ller

原文地址:http://url.cn/43FJSJr
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2017-1-2 21:47:40
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